Nowadays This Dengue fever is a major problem/ disease in south Asia. Especially in India & Bangladesh. In theses countries many people are attacking everyday by this disease . An estimated 400 million dengue infections occur worldwide each year, with about 96 million resulting in illness. Dengue is endemic in at least 100 countries in Asia, the Pacific, the Americas, Africa, and the Caribbean.
We need to know what is Dengue fever, How it comes to body or attack us ? major symptoms & easy remedies or treatment . Here we will discuss on 6 major things what you should need to know to avoid attack of this disease to your body.
Number 1 : What is Dengue Fever actually ? its type ?
Dengue (pronounced DENgee) fever is a painful, debilitating mosquito-borne disease caused by any one of four closely related dengue viruses. These viruses are related to the viruses that cause West Nile infection and yellow fever.
Dengue fever is transmitted by the bite of an Aedes mosquito infected with a dengue virus. The mosquito becomes infected when it bites a person with dengue virus in their blood. It can’t be spread directly from one person to another person.
Number 2 : Symptoms of Dengue Fever –
from How you understand / point of affection / infection period
Symptoms, which usually begin 4 to 7 days after infection and last for up to 10 days, may include ——-
- high fever ( Sudden )
- Severe headaches
- Pain behind the eyes
- Severe joint and muscle pain
- Skin rash, which appears 2 to 5 days after the onset of fever
- Mild bleeding (such a nose bleed, bleeding gums, or easy bruising)
Younger children and people who have never had the infection before tend to have milder cases than older children and adults.
Number 3 : Dengue shock syndrome (DSS)
These include dengue hemorrhagic fever, a rare complication characterized by high fever, damage to lymph and blood vessels, bleeding from the nose and gums, enlargement of the liver, and failure of the circulatory system. The symptoms may progress to massive bleeding, shock, and death. This is called dengue shock syndrome (DSS).
DSS is a severe form of dengue. It can be fatal.
Apart from symptoms of mild dengue fever, the person may experience:
- intense stomach pain
- sudden hypotension, or a fast drop in blood pressure
- heavy bleeding
- regular vomiting
- blood vessels leaking fluid
Without treatment, this can result in death.
Number 4 : Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever
A person with Dengue hemorrhagic fever may experience:
- bleeding from the mouth, gums, or nose
- clammy skin
- damage to lymph and blood vessels
- internal bleeding, which can lead to black vomit and feces, or stools
- a lower number of platelets in the blood
- sensitive stomach
- small blood spots under the skin
- weak pulse
Without prompt treatment, DHF can be fatal.
People with weakened immune systems as well as those with a second or subsequent dengue infection are believed to be at greater risk for developing dengue hemorrhagic fever.
Number 5 : Diagnosing Dengue Fever & Treatment
Doctors can diagnose dengue infection with a blood test to check for the virus or antibodies to it.
Need to test CBC(Complete Blood Count) & Dengue NS1 antigen test
Treatment for Dengue Fever
There is no specific medicine to treat dengue infection. If you think you may have dengue fever, you should use pain relievers with acetaminophen and avoid medicines with aspirin, which could worsen bleeding. You should also rest, drink plenty of fluids, and see your doctor. If you start to feel worse in the first 24 hours after your fever goes down, you should get to a hospital immediately to be checked for complications.
For milder forms, treatment includes:
Preventing dehydration: A high fever and vomiting can dehydrate the body. The person should drink clean water, ideally bottled rather than tap water. Rehydration salts can also help replace fluids and minerals.
Painkillers, such as Tylenol or paracetamol: These can help lower fever and ease pain.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin or ibuprofen, are not advised, as they can increase the risk of internal bleeding.
More severe forms of dengue fever may need:
- intravenous (IV) fluid supplementation, or drip, if the person cannot take fluids by mouth
- blood transfusion, for patients with severe dehydration
Hospitalization will allow the individual to be properly monitored, in case symptoms get worse.
Number 6 : Preventing Dengue Fever
To protect yourself:
- Use mosquito repellents, even indoors.
- When outdoors, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants tucked into socks.
- When indoors, use air conditioning if available.
- Make sure window and door screens are secure and free of holes.
- If sleeping areas are not screened or air conditioned, use mosquito nets.
- If you have symptoms of dengue, speak/talk to your doctor.
- Try to avoid being outside at dawn, dusk, and early evening.
- The Aedes mosquito breeds in clean, stagnant water. Checking for and removing stagnant water can help reduce the risk.
- turn buckets and watering cans over and store them under shelter so that water cannot accumulate
- remove excess water from plant pot plates
- scrub containers to remove mosquito eggs
- loosen soil from potted plants, to prevent puddles forming on the surface
- make sure scupper drains are not blocked and do not place potted plants and other objects over them
- use non-perforated gully traps, install anti-mosquito valves, and cover any traps that are rarely used
- do not place receptacles under an air-conditioning unit
- change the water in flower vases every second day and scrub and rinse the inside of the vase
- prevent leaves from blocking anything that may result in the accumulation of puddles or stagnant water
When camping or picnicking, choose an area that is away from still water.
To reduce the mosquito population, get rid of places where mosquitoes can breed. These include old tires, cans, or flower pots that collect rain. Regularly change the water in outdoor bird baths and pets’ water dishes. ( must Follow )